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Title: Between english for specific purposes ESP and general english GE
Other Titles: an exploration of english language teaching for non english department students at Larbi Ben M’hidi university
Authors: Rahmani, Abdeldjalil
Zerroug, Youcef
Hiouani, Amira Sarra
Keywords: English language teaching
Needs analysis
Teaching English as Foreign Language
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Université De Larbi Ben M’hidi Oum EL Bouaghi
Abstract: The need for English for Specific Purposes has arisen in Algeria due to globalization. Students must be exposed to English in the academic and professional spheres, so Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) is a necessity. Teaching English for Specific Purposes (ESP) is a branch of English Language Teaching (ELT) that focuses on teaching specific groups of language learners, who are determined by undergoing Needs Analysis (NA). Our study is aimed at understanding the needs of first-year students in using English for specific purposes in the faculties of Economics, Biology, and Mathematics at Larbi Ben M'hidi University. ESP seems to suffer from a number of issues within the Algerian education system, including low standards and a tendency to neglect the teachers' professional needs to cope with the actual requirements. This may be because the term has been drained of its meaning, or due to the "application and elaboration" of it. Such a problem requires a research design in order to be solved. This study focuses attention on ESP teacher quality within the University of Larbi Ben M'hidi as a critical component in improving English language education across the institution. The aim is to explore the main issues and difficulties that teachers and learners may encounter in an ESP teaching situation, and put forward recommendations to improve ESP teaching in this particular field. To carry out the present research, a mixed-methods approach was relied on to collect the necessary data in the target settings. A quantitative questionnaire was distributed to first year students in order to draw an insight about their needs, lacks, wants, and their satisfaction with the English courses they take. In addition, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with teachers who were supposed to know more about students' needs, lacks, and wants regarding the English language. Accordingly, in light of the outcomes obtained, the course is neither aligned with ESP standards, nor does it follow the principles of current ELT. The fact that general English teachers are intended to teach ESP in a "learner-centred" environment exposes enormous difficulties and issues to properly attain an ESP teaching/learning goal. Furthermore, despite the global awareness of the importance of ESP, teachers seem to rely on teaching General English within ESP fields. Therefore, we suggest some efficient strategies and practices to be implemented in ESP classrooms at the target faculties. These strategies aim to raise awareness of the importance of Needs Analysis in ESP courses, and to put emphasis on the process of designing ESP courses that fulfil the students' needs in order to improve the ESP situation within Larbi Ben M'hidi University.
Appears in Collections:قسم اللغة الإنجليزية

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